Java HTTP请求类封装

Java http请求类封装,当然也可以引用apache的httpclient,但是封装的目的就是减少jar包的引用,


package com.wiker;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.Vector;

/**
 * @author Wiker Yong Email:<a href="mailto:wikeryong@gmail.com">wikeryong@gmail.com</a>
 * @date 2013-11-8 下午7:22:43
 * @version 1.0-SNAPSHOT
 */
public class HttpUtils {

    private String defaultContentEncoding;

    public HttpUtils() {
        this.defaultContentEncoding = Charset.defaultCharset().name();
    }

    /**
     * 发送GET请求
     * 
     * @param urlString  URL地址
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendGet(String urlString) throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "GET", null, null);
    }

    /**
     * 发送GET请求
     * 
     * @param urlString  URL地址
     * @param params 参数集合
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendGet(String urlString, Map<String, String> params) throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "GET", params, null);
    }

    /**
     * 发送GET请求
     * 
     * @param urlString URL地址
     * @param params 参数集合
     * @param propertys 请求属性
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendGet(String urlString, Map<String, String> params, Map<String, String> propertys)
            throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "GET", params, propertys);
    }

    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     * 
     * @param urlString URL地址
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendPost(String urlString) throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "POST", null, null);
    }

    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     * 
     * @param urlString URL地址
     * @param params 参数集合
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendPost(String urlString, Map<String, String> params) throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "POST", params, null);
    }

    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     * 
     * @param urlString URL地址
     * @param params 参数集合
     * @param propertys 请求属性
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public HttpRespons sendPost(String urlString, Map<String, String> params, Map<String, String> propertys)
            throws IOException {
        return this.send(urlString, "POST", params, propertys);
    }

    /**
     * 发送HTTP请求
     * 
     * @param urlString 地址
     * @param method  get/post
     * @param parameters  添加由键值对指定的请求参数
     * @param propertys  添加由键值对指定的一般请求属性
     * @return 响映对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private HttpRespons send(String urlString, String method, Map<String, String> parameters,
            Map<String, String> propertys) throws IOException {
        HttpURLConnection urlConnection = null;

        if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("GET") && parameters != null) {
            StringBuffer param = new StringBuffer();
            int i = 0;
            for (String key : parameters.keySet()) {
                if (i == 0)
                    param.append("?");
                else
                    param.append("&");
                param.append(key).append("=").append(parameters.get(key));
                i++;
            }
            urlString += param;
        }

        URL url = new URL(urlString);
        urlConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        urlConnection.setRequestMethod(method);
        urlConnection.setDoOutput(true);
        urlConnection.setDoInput(true);
        urlConnection.setUseCaches(false);

        if (propertys != null)
            for (String key : propertys.keySet()) {
                urlConnection.addRequestProperty(key, propertys.get(key));
            }

        if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("POST") && parameters != null) {
            StringBuffer param = new StringBuffer();
            for (String key : parameters.keySet()) {
                param.append("&");
                param.append(key).append("=").append(parameters.get(key));
            }
            urlConnection.getOutputStream().write(param.toString().getBytes());
            urlConnection.getOutputStream().flush();
            urlConnection.getOutputStream().close();
        }
        return this.makeContent(urlString, urlConnection);
    }

    /**
     * 得到响应对象
     * 
     * @param urlConnection
     * @return 响应对象
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private HttpRespons makeContent(String urlString, HttpURLConnection urlConnection) throws IOException {
        HttpRespons httpResponser = new HttpRespons();
        try {
            InputStream in = urlConnection.getInputStream();
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
            httpResponser.contentCollection = new Vector<String>();
            StringBuffer temp = new StringBuffer();
            String line = bufferedReader.readLine();
            while (line != null) {
                httpResponser.contentCollection.add(line);
                temp.append(line).append("\r\n");
                line = bufferedReader.readLine();
            }
            bufferedReader.close();
            String ecod = urlConnection.getContentEncoding();
            if (ecod == null)
                ecod = this.defaultContentEncoding;
            httpResponser.urlString = urlString;
            httpResponser.defaultPort = urlConnection.getURL().getDefaultPort();
            httpResponser.file = urlConnection.getURL().getFile();
            httpResponser.host = urlConnection.getURL().getHost();
            httpResponser.path = urlConnection.getURL().getPath();
            httpResponser.port = urlConnection.getURL().getPort();
            httpResponser.protocol = urlConnection.getURL().getProtocol();
            httpResponser.query = urlConnection.getURL().getQuery();
            httpResponser.ref = urlConnection.getURL().getRef();
            httpResponser.userInfo = urlConnection.getURL().getUserInfo();
            httpResponser.content = new String(temp.toString().getBytes(), ecod);
            httpResponser.contentEncoding = ecod;
            httpResponser.code = urlConnection.getResponseCode();
            httpResponser.message = urlConnection.getResponseMessage();
            httpResponser.contentType = urlConnection.getContentType();
            httpResponser.method = urlConnection.getRequestMethod();
            httpResponser.connectTimeout = urlConnection.getConnectTimeout();
            httpResponser.readTimeout = urlConnection.getReadTimeout();
            return httpResponser;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw e;
        } finally {
            if (urlConnection != null)
                urlConnection.disconnect();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 默认的响应字符集
     */
    public String getDefaultContentEncoding() {
        return this.defaultContentEncoding;
    }

    
    /**
     * 发送GET请求
     * @param url
     * @param params
     * @param headers
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static URLConnection sendGetRequest(String url,
            Map<String, String> params, Map<String, String> headers)
            throws Exception {
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder(url);
        Set<Entry<String, String>> entrys = null;
        // 如果是GET请求,则请求参数在URL中
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            buf.append("?");
            entrys = params.entrySet();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : entrys) {
                buf.append(entry.getKey()).append("=")
                        .append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getValue(), "UTF-8"))
                        .append("&");
            }
            buf.deleteCharAt(buf.length() - 1);
        }
        URL url1 = new URL(buf.toString());
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url1.openConnection();
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
        // 设置请求头
        if (headers != null && !headers.isEmpty()) {
            entrys = headers.entrySet();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : entrys) {
                conn.setRequestProperty(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
            }
        }
        conn.getResponseCode();
        return conn;
    }
    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     * @param url   
     * @param params
     * @param headers
     * @return 
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static URLConnection sendPostRequest(String url,
            Map<String, String> params, Map<String, String> headers)
            throws Exception {
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
        Set<Entry<String, String>> entrys = null;
        // 如果存在参数,则放在HTTP请求体,形如name=aaa&age=10
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            entrys = params.entrySet();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : entrys) {
                buf.append(entry.getKey()).append("=")
                        .append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getValue(), "UTF-8"))
                        .append("&");
            }
            buf.deleteCharAt(buf.length() - 1);
        }
        URL url1 = new URL(url);
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url1.openConnection();
        conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
        conn.setDoOutput(true);
        OutputStream out = conn.getOutputStream();
        out.write(buf.toString().getBytes("UTF-8"));
        if (headers != null && !headers.isEmpty()) {
            entrys = headers.entrySet();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : entrys) {
                conn.setRequestProperty(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
            }
        }
        conn.getResponseCode(); // 为了发送成功
        return conn;
    }
    /**
     * 直接通过HTTP协议提交数据到服务器,实现如下面表单提交功能:
     *   <FORM METHOD=POST ACTION="http://192.168.0.200:8080/ssi/fileload/test.do" enctype="multipart/form-data">
            <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name">
            <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="id">
            <input type="file" name="imagefile"/>
            <input type="file" name="zip"/>
         </FORM>
     * @param path 上传路径(注:避免使用localhost或127.0.0.1这样的路径测试,因为它会指向手机模拟器,你可以使用http://www.itcast.cn或http://192.168.1.10:8080这样的路径测试)
     * @param params 请求参数 key为参数名,value为参数值
     * @param file 上传文件
     */
    public static boolean uploadFiles(String path, Map<String, String> params, FormFile[] files) throws Exception{     
        final String BOUNDARY = "---------------------------7da2137580612"; //数据分隔线
        final String endline = "--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n";//数据结束标志
        
        int fileDataLength = 0;
        if(files!=null&&files.length!=0){
            for(FormFile uploadFile : files){//得到文件类型数据的总长度
                StringBuilder fileExplain = new StringBuilder();
                fileExplain.append("--");
                fileExplain.append(BOUNDARY);
                fileExplain.append("\r\n");
                fileExplain.append("Content-Disposition: form-data;name=\""+ uploadFile.getParameterName()+"\";filename=\""+ uploadFile.getFilname() + "\"\r\n");
                fileExplain.append("Content-Type: "+ uploadFile.getContentType()+"\r\n\r\n");
                fileExplain.append("\r\n");
                fileDataLength += fileExplain.length();
                if(uploadFile.getInStream()!=null){
                    fileDataLength += uploadFile.getFile().length();
                }else{
                    fileDataLength += uploadFile.getData().length;
                }
            }
        }
        StringBuilder textEntity = new StringBuilder();
        if(params!=null&&!params.isEmpty()){
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : params.entrySet()) {//构造文本类型参数的实体数据
                textEntity.append("--");
                textEntity.append(BOUNDARY);
                textEntity.append("\r\n");
                textEntity.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\""+ entry.getKey() + "\"\r\n\r\n");
                textEntity.append(entry.getValue());
                textEntity.append("\r\n");
            }
        }
        //计算传输给服务器的实体数据总长度
        int dataLength = textEntity.toString().getBytes().length + fileDataLength +  endline.getBytes().length;
        
        URL url = new URL(path);
        int port = url.getPort()==-1 ? 80 : url.getPort();
        Socket socket = new Socket(InetAddress.getByName(url.getHost()), port);        
        OutputStream outStream = socket.getOutputStream();
        //下面完成HTTP请求头的发送
        String requestmethod = "POST "+ url.getPath()+" HTTP/1.1\r\n";
        outStream.write(requestmethod.getBytes());
        String accept = "Accept: image/gif, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, application/xaml+xml, application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument, application/x-ms-xbap, application/x-ms-application, application/vnd.ms-excel, application/vnd.ms-powerpoint, application/msword, */*\r\n";
        outStream.write(accept.getBytes());
        String language = "Accept-Language: zh-CN\r\n";
        outStream.write(language.getBytes());
        String contenttype = "Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary="+ BOUNDARY+ "\r\n";
        outStream.write(contenttype.getBytes());
        String contentlength = "Content-Length: "+ dataLength + "\r\n";
        outStream.write(contentlength.getBytes());
        String alive = "Connection: Keep-Alive\r\n";
        outStream.write(alive.getBytes());
        String host = "Host: "+ url.getHost() +":"+ port +"\r\n";
        outStream.write(host.getBytes());
        //写完HTTP请求头后根据HTTP协议再写一个回车换行
        outStream.write("\r\n".getBytes());
        //把所有文本类型的实体数据发送出来
        outStream.write(textEntity.toString().getBytes());         
        //把所有文件类型的实体数据发送出来
        if(files!=null&&files.length!=0){
            for(FormFile uploadFile : files){
                StringBuilder fileEntity = new StringBuilder();
                fileEntity.append("--");
                fileEntity.append(BOUNDARY);
                fileEntity.append("\r\n");
                fileEntity.append("Content-Disposition: form-data;name=\""+ uploadFile.getParameterName()+"\";filename=\""+ uploadFile.getFilname() + "\"\r\n");
                fileEntity.append("Content-Type: "+ uploadFile.getContentType()+"\r\n\r\n");
                outStream.write(fileEntity.toString().getBytes());
                if(uploadFile.getInStream()!=null){
                    byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
                    int len = 0;
                    while((len = uploadFile.getInStream().read(buffer, 0, 1024))!=-1){
                        outStream.write(buffer, 0, len);
                    }
                    uploadFile.getInStream().close();
                }else{
                    outStream.write(uploadFile.getData(), 0, uploadFile.getData().length);
                }
                outStream.write("\r\n".getBytes());
            }
        }
        //下面发送数据结束标志,表示数据已经结束
        outStream.write(endline.getBytes());
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
        if(reader.readLine().indexOf("200")==-1){//读取web服务器返回的数据,判断请求码是否为200,如果不是200,代表请求失败
            return false;
        }
        outStream.flush();
        outStream.close();
        reader.close();
        socket.close();
        return true;
    }
    /**
     * 提交数据到服务器
     * @param path 上传路径(注:避免使用localhost或127.0.0.1这样的路径测试,因为它会指向手机模拟器,你可以使用http://www.itcast.cn或http://192.168.1.10:8080这样的路径测试)
     * @param params 请求参数 key为参数名,value为参数值
     * @param file 上传文件
     */
    public static boolean uploadFile(String path, Map<String, String> params, FormFile file) throws Exception{
       return uploadFiles(path, params, new FormFile[]{file});
    }
    /**
     * 将输入流转为字节数组
     * @param inStream
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] read2Byte(InputStream inStream)throws Exception{
        ByteArrayOutputStream outSteam = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int len = 0;
        while( (len = inStream.read(buffer)) !=-1 ){
            outSteam.write(buffer, 0, len);
        }
        outSteam.close();
        inStream.close();
        return outSteam.toByteArray();
    }
    /**
     * 将输入流转为字符串
     * @param inStream
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String read2String(InputStream inStream)throws Exception{
        ByteArrayOutputStream outSteam = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int len = 0;
        while( (len = inStream.read(buffer)) !=-1 ){
            outSteam.write(buffer, 0, len);
        }
        outSteam.close();
        inStream.close();
        return new String(outSteam.toByteArray(),"UTF-8");
    }
    /**
     * 发送xml数据
     * @param path 请求地址
     * @param xml xml数据
     * @param encoding 编码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] postXml(String path, String xml, String encoding) throws Exception{
        byte[] data = xml.getBytes(encoding);
        URL url = new URL(path);
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection();
        conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
        conn.setDoOutput(true);
        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "text/xml; charset="+ encoding);
        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Length", String.valueOf(data.length));
        conn.setConnectTimeout(5 * 1000);
        OutputStream outStream = conn.getOutputStream();
        outStream.write(data);
        outStream.flush();
        outStream.close();
        if(conn.getResponseCode()==200){
            return read2Byte(conn.getInputStream());
        }
        return null;
    }
    //测试函数
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
        Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
        params.put("name", "xiazdong");
        params.put("age", "10");
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection)
                sendGetRequest(
                        "http://192.168.0.103:8080/Server/PrintServlet",
                        params, null);
        int code = conn.getResponseCode();
        InputStream in = conn.getInputStream();
        byte[]data = read2Byte(in);
    }
    
    /**
     * 设置默认的响应字符集
     */
    public void setDefaultContentEncoding(String defaultContentEncoding) {
        this.defaultContentEncoding = defaultContentEncoding;
    }
}

需要引用到的文件FormFile.java如下:

package com.wiker;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.InputStream;

/**
 * 上传文件
 */
public class FormFile {
    /* 上传文件的数据 */
    private byte[] data;
    private InputStream inStream;
    private File file;
    /* 文件名称 */
    private String filname;
    /* 请求参数名称*/
    private String parameterName;
    /* 内容类型 */
    private String contentType = "application/octet-stream";
    
    /**
     * 此函数用来传输小文件
     * @param filname
     * @param data
     * @param parameterName
     * @param contentType
     */
    public FormFile(String filname, byte[] data, String parameterName, String contentType) {
        this.data = data;
        this.filname = filname;
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
        if(contentType!=null) this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    /**
     * 此函数用来传输大文件
     * @param filname
     * @param file
     * @param parameterName
     * @param contentType
     */
    public FormFile(String filname, File file, String parameterName, String contentType) {
        this.filname = filname;
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
        this.file = file;
        try {
            this.inStream = new FileInputStream(file);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        if(contentType!=null) this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    
    public File getFile() {
        return file;
    }

    public InputStream getInStream() {
        return inStream;
    }

    public byte[] getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public String getFilname() {
        return filname;
    }

    public void setFilname(String filname) {
        this.filname = filname;
    }

    public String getParameterName() {
        return parameterName;
    }

    public void setParameterName(String parameterName) {
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
    }

    public String getContentType() {
        return contentType;
    }

    public void setContentType(String contentType) {
        this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    
}



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